1st & 2nd Degree Assault in Maryland


If charged with Assault in Maryland, contact attorney G. Randolph Rice, Jr, to schedule a free legal consultation at (410) 288-2900 or email for immediate help.

What are the different types of Assault and Battery Crimes in Maryland?

In Maryland, including Baltimore County, Baltimore City, Harford County, Howard County, Anne Arundel County, Carroll County, Cecil County and Worcester County (Ocean City and Snow Hill), the Assault & Battery statues are contained in Title 3 of the Maryland Criminal Code. The subsections of the Maryland Assault & Battery title contain the following crimes:

1st and 2nd Degree Assault classification and penalties.

Q: Is First Degree Assault a Felony or Misdemeanor in Maryland?

A: First degree assault is defined as a felony in Maryland.

Q: What is the maximum penalty for First Degree Assault in Maryland?

A: The maximum penalty if you are convicted of first-degree assault in Maryland is Twenty-Five (25) years.

The crime of first degree assault can be found under Maryland Criminal Law 3-202.

Q: Is Second Degree Assault a Felony or Misdemeanor in Maryland?

A: Second Degree Assault is classified as a misdemeanor in Maryland.  Yet, if alleged that the defendant assaulted a “law enforcement officer” then second-degree assault is classified as a felony in Maryland.

View attorney Randolph Rice speak about 2nd Degree Assault in Maryland

Q: What is the maximum penalty for Second Degree Assault in Maryland?

A: The maximum penalty if convicted of second-degree assault in Maryland is Ten (10) years.

Q: What is the maximum fine for Second Degree Assault in Maryland?

A: The maximum fine if convicted of 2nd-degree assault in Maryland is $5,000.00

The crime of second degree assault is defined under Maryland Criminal Law 3-203.

Q: Is Second Degree Assault on a Law Enforcement Officer or Police Officer in Maryland a Felony or Misdemeanor?

A: Second-degree assault of a law enforcement officer or police officer in Maryland is classified as a felony.

Q: What is the maximum penalty for Second Degree Assault on a Law Enforcement Officer or Police Officer in Maryland?

A: The maximum penalty if convicted of second-degree assault on a law enforcement officer or police officer in Maryland is Ten (10) years.

Q: What is the maximum fine for 2nd-degree assault on a Law Enforcement officer of police officer in Maryland?

A: The maximum fine if convicted of 2nd-degree assault of a law enforcement officer is $5,000.00.

The crime of second degree assault on a law enforcement officer can be found under Maryland Criminal Law 3-203(c).

Q: Is Reckless Endangerment a Felony or Misdemeanor in Maryland?

A: Reckless Endangerment in Maryland is classified as a misdemeanor.

Q: What is the maximum penalty for Reckless Endangerment in Maryland?

A: The maximum penalty if convicted in Maryland of reckless endangerment is Five (5) years.

The crime of reckless endangerment if defined in Maryland Criminal Law 3-204.

Q: What is assault in the second degree?

A: Assault in the second degree is one of two variations of assault a person can be charged with in Maryland. It is the less serious of the assault crimes in Maryland. It is essentially the unlawful touching of another person. That means, if charged with assault in the second degree, the State is alleging a person was touched, hit, or an attempt to touch or hit was committed by the Defendant.

Q: Is assault a felony in Maryland?

A: Of the two variations of assault in Maryland, first degree assault and second degree assault, assault first degree assault is a felony and second degree assault is a misdemeanor.

Q: How long will you be in jail for assault?

A: It all depends on the facts and circumstances of the case. The maximum penalty for second degree assault in Maryland is 10 years in jail and 25 years in jail for first degree assault. That means, if convicted, a person could be in jail for either 10 years or 25 years. The maximum penalties are rare, but possible sentences.

Q: What Should I Do if I Am Arrested and Charged with 1st & 2nd Degree Assault in Maryland?

A: As soon as you are released or after charged with assault, you need to contact an experienced assault defense attorney in the jurisdiction where you were charged. If you are charged with assault in

Call the Law Offices of Randolph Rice at 410-288-2900 or email the office for immediate legal help and to discuss you 1st & 2nd degree assault charges.

When you call you will be able to schedule a FREE, no-obligation consultation with the owner and former Assistant State’s Attorney, G. Randolph Rice, Jr.

Assault and Battery Attorneys in Maryland, Baltimore County Assault Defense Attorney 410-288-2900

The act of assaulting another person in the state of Maryland can be charged as EITHER a felony or misdemeanor depending on the severity and evidence of the case.

1st & 2nd Degree Assault

Probation if convicted of Assault in Maryland

In addition to facing possible time in jail or prison, District Court and Circuit Court Judges in the state of Maryland can place you on a period of probation from One (1) day to Five (5) years(maximum period of probation for District Court is limited to 3 years). Probation may require you to check-in with a Maryland Parole and Probation agent daily, weekly, monthly or on a bi-monthly basis.

Probation may also be supervised or unsupervised and that will be decided by the Judge that the case is heard before. Supervised probation requires your presence at one of the many parole and probation offices located around the state of Maryland.

Limited probation or unsupervised probation may only require an occasional phone call to a probation agent or no contact at all with parole and probation.

Why Choose the Law Offices of Randolph Rice for your Assault Case and Criminal Defense?

1st (First) and 2nd (Second) degree assault cases can be complicated and difficult to litigate and defend. 1st and 2nd degree Assault charges are strongly pursued by law enforcement and the state’s attorney for the jurisdiction in which the crime allegedly occurred.  Particularly in cases that involve domestic violence, meaning the assault occurred with an underlying relationship between the victim and the accused assailant.

If you have been charged or arrested with 1st or 2nd degree Assault in Maryland, you need an experienced, skilled, trusted, and knowledgeable assault criminal defense attorney. Without the assistance and help of an experienced attorney, you have little chance of winning your case if it goes to trial.

At the Law Offices of Randolph Rice, we will conduct a thorough investigation of your case.  We have the ability to investigate the witnesses and victims of each assault case in Maryland.  Our office will subpoena and summons the needed witnesses to best defend your case.  We will formulate the most appropriate argument for your assault defense and ensure that the Judge or jury hear the facts as they really happened.

Often, the law enforcement agencies or States Attorney’s office for the county you are charged in will overlook an aspect of the case, if this happen, we will find other witnesses or evidence to present to the Court or state’s attorney’s office to support your case. We will work with you and fight for your rights and freedom.

Don’t Go to Court Alone. A criminal conviction can affect the rest of your life. You could spend years in jail, pay expensive fines, Court costs and regret not having a professional and experienced assault defense attorney advising you on the best decisions in your criminal case. Call Attorney Randolph Rice at 410.288.2900 to schedule a FREE criminal defense consultation. We have years of experience and have helped thousands of client, let our experience got to work for you in the Courtroom.

Featured Testimonial

“Last year, while visiting the Baltimore area, I was involved in a “Bar Fight” which ended unfavorable for me. I was charged with 2nd Degree Assault which can lead to imprisonment of up to 10 years. As a successful Business Manager, I was devastated and had never felt so lost in a city unknown to me. After being detained overnight I contacted the law office of Mr. Randolph Rice. He not only counseled me about the laws of the state of Maryland but mentally too as I suffer from anxiety. My case finally went to court and ended with a complete dismissal. Throughout the 6 month wait to go to court he answered every email or voice mail I sent. If you are reading this review you are most likely in need of legal assistance. Search no further!”

Review by: Brian F.
Reviewing: Maryland Assault Defense Attorney
Date published: 2015-10-14
Rating: ★★★★★ 5 / 5 stars

If you need assault lawyer in Baltimore, Maryland or anywhere in Maryland, contact our office today to schedule a consultation and to discuss all possible defenses.

What happens at a trial for assault in Maryland?

If you’ve been charged with assault in Maryland, you should consult and retain and experienced Maryland assault lawyer. Most individuals charged with assault in Maryland have questions about the trial. If charged with second-degree assault in Maryland, the trial date will be scheduled in one of the District Courts for the jurisdiction where the incident occurred.

The clerk’s offices will set the trial date between 30 and 90 days after the alleged event in a District Court. Unlike what is seen on TV, most prosecutors will not decide what they want to do with a  misdemeanor second-degree assault charges prior to the trial date. This is because the prosecutor or State’s Attorney in the case typically likes to talk to the victim who is alleged to have been assaulted. Oftentimes a prosecutor will want to speak in person to the alleged victim and get a feel for the allegations and the evidence they may testify to at trial.

When approaching the trial date for a second degree assault charge in Maryland, it is not uncommon to not know what will happen until you arrive at court. Your lawyer will certainly prepare for all potential outcomes, including trial.

However, there is an exception to every rule. In serious cases or complicated cases the prosecutor may try to make a decision prior to the trial date. The prosecutor and the defense attorney we’ll talk or meet prior to the trial day to determine the direction of the case. Obviously, the defense attorney is trying to have the charges dropped or nolle prosequi. Or the defense attorney is trying to convince the state’s attorney to enter a stet. In a some cases, the attorney may be attempting to negotiate a plea or preparing for a trial before a district court judge.

Second Degree Assault Jury Trial

Because the maximum penalty for 2nd degree assault is 10 years, which is greater than 90 days, and the requirement to elect a jury trial, any individual charged with second-degree assault in Maryland has a right to a trial by jury. If the defendant elects a jury trial, then the case will be forwarded to the Circuit Court for a trial date.

If an individual is charged with first-degree assault, more likely than not the case will be set in for a preliminary hearing. A preliminary hearing may not occur depending on the State’s Attorney’s office and their desire to take the case before a grand jury. In any criminal case charged in Maryland, if a felony is charged than a defendant has a right to a preliminary hearing. However, the State may choose to pull the case and take it before a grand jury to determine probable cause. The defendant does not have a right to stop the State from taking the case before the grand jury.

If you’re facing assault charges in Maryland, contact attorney Randolph Rice today to discuss your case.

Can second degree assault be expunged in Maryland?

It’s not the type of charge that you must look at when determining if second degree assault can be expunged in Maryland, but rather the outcome is the first step. If you’re trying to expunge a second degree assault you first must look at the disposition for that charge and all of the charges that are associated with it. For example, if you were charged with three separate counts and assault in the second degree was one of them, then you must look at the other two counts and their disposition to determine if second degree assault can be expunged.

If all of the counts were nolle prosequi, or dismissed, then you can expunge the record as well as the second degree assault. If the assault charge, along with all other charges were marked Stet then you can have the second degree assault expunged but you must wait 3 years since the disposition and there cannot be any pending criminal charges against you.

This is all about the change October 1, 2017. Starting October 1, 2017 guilty dispositions for second degree assault will be eligible for expungement. However, there are exceptions to the rule. Maryland Criminal Law 3-203 (Second Degree Assault) will be eligible for expungement under Criminal Procedure 10-110 starting October 1st 2017.

The timing to file an expungement of the second degree assault is 10 years after the case is resolved including parole, probation or any mandatory supervision. That means you must wait 10 years from the end of the supervision, whether it was supervised or unsupervised. However, there is an exception to this rule. If the assault charges that you were found guilty of were marked as domestically related under Criminal Procedure 6-233 then you must wait 15 years after the conviction as well as the completion of parole, probation or mandatory supervision.

If you were convicted of a new crime during the past ten or fifteen years, then the original second degree assault is not eligible for expungement unless the new conviction becomes eligible to be expunged. Also, if there are pending criminal charges against you, then you are not eligible to expunge the second degree assault.